Effect of a Natural Brightener, Daphne gnidium L. on the Quality of Nickel Electroplating from Watts Bath
Daphne gnidium L. (DGL), a plant known to be rich source of polyphenols, a naturally occurring class of antioxidants, was tested for its ability to play the role of primary and secondary brighteners for electrodeposition of nickel, as a replacement for synthetic brighteners such as glycerol and formaldehyde. A simple and convenient approach was adapted consisting in adding an accurate amount of powdered leaves of Daphne gnidium L. (DGLP) or Daphne gnidium L. leaves extract (DGLE), to the Watts bath, to play the role of brightening agents. Cyclic voltammetry studies revealed that DGLP could inhibit the reaction of nickel reduction and improve the quality of the deposits as efficiently as glycerol and formaldehyde. SEM analyses showed that the micro-cracks decreased and sometimes disappeared from nickel deposits prepared in the presence of DGLP as a brightener. The results of this study show that DGL can be used satisfactorily, with minimum operations as a brightening agent for nickel electrodeposition. The key idea of direct immersion of DGLP in the Watts bath, aimed to the replacement of synthetic brighteners and the reduction of the overall cost of nickel electrodeposition.
This paper has not been published before. Upon its acceptance for publication in the Journal, I, as the only senior author, agree to transfer (to the extent transferable, if I am a Government employee) to the Journal of New Materials for Electrochemical Systems, or its assignee, all the rights under the existing Copyright laws, except for the following, which the author(s) specifically retain(s):
- the right to make further copies of all or part of the published article for my use in classroom teaching;
- the right to re-use all or part of the material in a compilation of my own words, or in a textbook of which I am the author;
- the right to make copies of the published work for internal distribution within the institution which employs me.
I agree to inform my co-authors, if any, of the terms of this arrangement.