Synthesis and Characterization of Zn doped Li(Li0.21Mn0.54Ni0.125Co0.125)O2 as the Layer Materials For Battery Applications

  • S. Rumh. Kadhim Departments of Physics, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
  • Reihan Etefagh Renewable energies, Magnetism and nanotechnology research laboratory; Department of physics, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
  • H. Arabi Departments of Physics, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran


In this paper, pure and impure nanopowders of Li(Li0.021Mn0.54Ni0.125Co0.125)O2 were prepared with different percentages (x=0.02%, 0.05%, 0.075%, 0.10%) of Zn impurity by sol-gel method, and the effect of different percentages were investigated on the structural, physical and chemical properties of the samples. These properties of samples characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field-scattering microscopy (FESEM), X-ray energy spectroscopy (EDS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential thermal analysis (DTA), infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and the results of characterization were investigation. All the reflection peaks indicate that the samples have standard α-NaFeO2 layered structure with the space group R3m, except for the super lattice ordering between 22°-25°.The FESEM images have shown that these nanoparticles have Hexagonal structures for doped and undoped nanopowders. The particle size of nanopowders in the range of 30-80 nm the chemical analysis of EDS has proven the presence of Zn in the samples. TG /DTA measurements showed weight loss in pure and impure of nanopowders. In infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), the connection bonds and chemical elements used in these nanopowders have been investigated.


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